Fissure sealant is a tooth coloured liquid which is applied on the chewing surface of adult molar teeth to prevent cavities from forming in early years. Once applied the coating is permanent, and will stay on your teeth for a number of years.
Why do I need fissure sealants?
Your back teeth are known as premolars and molars and have pits and grooves on the biting surface, some of which can be deep and difficult to keep clean with brushing. Food particles can become trapped and this creates a perfect breeding ground for plaque bacteria which if left, will generate cavities. Fissure sealants work by filling the deep pits and grooves making it easier to clean your teeth and thus helping to prevent cavities from forming.
The teeth which the sealants are being placed on will be cleaned and dried.
The chewing surface of the tooth will be prepared to accept the Fissure Sealant.
The Fissure Sealant is applied to the tooth using a small brush and then hardened by concentrated beam of ultraviolet light.
Root Canal Treatment
This dental procedure is carried out when the innermost part of the tooth the pulp becomes badly decayed or infected. If left untreated, the tooth will begin to die which could lead to the loss of the tooth. To save the tooth, the infected pulp needs to be removed to prevent the formation of an abscess. In dental terms this procedure is called endodontics.
The tooth is made up of
Enamel, the hard outer layer of the tooth.
Dentine forms the core and gives the basic shape to the tooth which supports the enamel. It is softer than enamel but harder than bone.
Pulp is the central part of the tooth which contains nerves and blood vessels and lies within the root canal
The reason the pulp would die
Caries, decay is left it will travel through the enamel and dentine down into the pulp chamber.
Trauma or a severe knock that affects the pulp.
Severe Gum Disease - The gum detaches itself from the tooth creating a gap between the tooth and the gum, bacteria then gets trapped causing an infection which can affect the pulp.
Pain. This can be anything form a constant dull ache to severe pain or pain only when biting.
A spot sometimes appears on the gum in the area of the infected tooth. This is where the collection of puss from the root tip is draining which will leave a bad taste in your mouth.
Swelling in the gum area surrounding your tooth.